首页 > 文章 > 时政 > 时代观察

埃博拉疫情充分暴露资本主义弊病

Editorial · 2014-11-13 · 来源:进步青年网
埃博拉病毒 收藏( 评论() 字体: / /

  贪婪、疯狂的资本主义的方方面面都在此次西非疫情中凸显。

  理论上,埃博拉并非很难控制的传染病,因为它不过是通过直接接触病源(感染的动物或人)体液而传播,而且这种病毒不易在空气中存活,足以被肥皂或热水杀死。只要根据病毒的上述特征加以防护,完全可以控制疾病的传播。关键是要有足够的医护人员!

  但此次疫情是1976年发现埃博拉病毒以来最严重的。而且还传播到了6000英里外的美国,居然还感染了2个护士,真匪夷所思!对资本主义社会来说,神马疫情控制,他们更关心限制国际旅行会触动他们的利润。

  美国的人均医疗投入是$8900/年,而非洲疫源利比里亚只有$65/年;美国GDP的18%用于医疗,虽然英国只用9.4%,但各项指标都比美国好,包括人均寿命(编者注:英国医疗体系不是市场化的!)。那么这么多钱都哪儿去了?至少30%去喂那些贪得无厌的保险公司了!

  医护人员流向哪里?

  非洲疫区极其缺乏人力、物力资源,有的医院只有4个医护人员,塞拉利昂只有不到100名医生服务于公共领域,护士缺口60%;全利比里亚只有51名医生!这点人如何落实从预防到治疗的各项措施?

  在非洲医护人员如此稀缺的背景下,据传,英美医疗系统还在招募他们来为自己服务,主要通过养老院进入护理劳务市场。

  学习古巴好榜样

  看看把所有人的健康放在首位的古巴所能创造的成就吧:它的新生儿死亡率低于美国,而且消耗的资源只有美国的1/20。更令人钦佩的是他们对发展中国家的无私帮助,为非洲派去4000多名医护人员(其中2,269人是医生)。与此同时,很多猎头公司还在挖非洲的医疗人力资源到欧美医院服务…(进步青年网编译)

  原文: Ebola: capitalist health exposed

  http://www.cpbml.org.uk/news/ebola-capitalist-health-exposed

  Just about every aspect of the insanity of capitalismis exposed by the current outbreak of Ebola virus centred on west Africa.

  In principle, it should not be too difficult to control Ebola. But that’s not what has happened. The outbreak is now the worst on record – by some distance – and cases have also cropped up in the US.

  It’s nearly 6,000 miles from Liberia to Dallas, Texas, the route travelled by Thomas Eric Duncan when he brought Ebola infection to the US. And it should be a world away in terms of healthcare. After all, the US spends about $8,900 per capita on health each year; Liberia around $65.

  And it’s not as if Ebola is a particularly difficult disease to contain. Yes, it is highly contagious, but it does not transmit well through the air, and it degrades so rapidly under heat that washing your hands with soap and hot water is sufficient to kill it.

  ‘ALL CAPITALISM IS WORRIED ABOUT IS WHETHER RESTRICTIONS ON INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL MIGHT DENT PROFITS.’

  Yet the two American nurses who treated Duncan at the Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital have both contracted Ebola. It seems as if some elementary disease control precautions were not implemented.

  That’s par for the course for a country that devotes high sums to healthcare, but where so little of it goes towards treating people and ensuring proper prevention. And let’s face it, there’s no money for capitalism in Ebola management. All capitalism is worried about is whether restrictions on international travel might dent profits.

  Despite spending 17.9 per cent of its GDP on healthcare (against 9.4 per cent by Britain), the US – according to the World Bank – ranks lower than Britain on almost every major health indicator, including life expectancy.

  The NHS is generally acknowledged (except by politicians here) to be incredibly efficient and effective. Unlike the US, we don’t divert 30 per cent of healthcare funding to administration – amazingly, up from less than 25 per cent 20 years ago – primarily feeding the hungry mouths of insurance companies.

  Importing staff

  But like the US we rely on overseas labour to staff our health services, rather than training sufficient numbers of our own staff.

  That’s not to denigrate the skill or bravery of health professionals from Britain who have gone to West Africa. But once there, they are finding such dire shortages of staff that teaching prevention has been a hard task.

  One infection control expert from Camden, recently returned from a month-long stint in Sierra Leone, reported just four clinicians at the hospital in Kenema. Said Rebecca Stretch, “Staff were in short supply which made things difficult. For example, you couldn’t ‘buddy up’ as there was too much to do. ‘Buddying up’ is one of the best ways to help prevent the spread of infection as you have somebody to spot the risks whilst you work.”

  King’s College London, which has a health partnership with Sierra Leone, says there are fewer than a hundred doctors practising in the public sector, and reports vacancy rates there of over 60 per cent for nurses. In 2010, the World Health Organization reported that there were only 51 doctors in the whole of Liberia.

  Against that background, the continuing employment of African doctors in the British and US health systems is a scandal, and one that few people want to talk about. There has been some progress since the middle of the last decade, when just over half of all new applications to go on the nursing register were from abroad. And many people from abroad are using jobs in nursing homes as a back door into the British nursing market.

  Cuba

  To see what can really be achieved by a country that treats the health of all as a priority, look at Cuba. Not only is its infant mortality rate lower than that of the US, its solidarity with developing countries means that in September there were more than 4,000 Cuban health workers serving in Africa, 2,269 of them doctors.

  While Cubans are supporting the workforce in Africa, too many recruiting agencies are still depleting the African health workforce to staff hospitals in Britain, Europe and the US.

「 支持乌有之乡!」

乌有之乡 WYZXWK.COM

您的打赏将用于网站日常运行与维护。
帮助我们办好网站,宣传红色文化!

注:配图来自网络无版权标志图像,侵删!
声明:文章仅代表作者个人观点,不代表本站观点——乌有之乡 责任编辑:南岗

欢迎扫描下方二维码,订阅乌有之乡网刊微信(wyzxwz1226)

收藏

心情表态

今日头条

最新专题

抗美援朝70周年

点击排行

  • 两日热点
  • 一周热点
  • 一月热点
  • 心情
  1. 旗帜鲜明的坚决反对延迟退休
  2. 中组部原部长张全景谈知青上山下乡
  3. 恭喜作协汪主席,与蔡英文一同被日本媒体授予“三八妇女楷模”!
  4. 陈先义:再批戈尔巴乔夫(深度警世)
  5. 毛主席为什么要搞阶级斗争?
  6. 子午:鄙视胡锡进先生,力挺萧武同志!
  7. ​王成是逃兵?网红@老兵尹吉先 再次侮辱英烈,抓起来审审吧!
  8. 必须充分意识到:国民党在关键时刻从未与大陆相向而行!
  9. 乌有之乡招聘招募公告(2021年3月)
  10. 对一位主流经济学家的规劝
  1. 是谁隐瞒毛泽东的“最高指示”
  2. 中共的另一面,让有些人胆寒!
  3. 关于毛泽东的18个谎言的最新进展
  4. 【愤怒】“央证公开课”公开侮辱毛主席,他们是什么鬼?
  5. 他是统战高手,为我军带来33个团,晚年预言主席地位将来会更高
  6. 饿了么骑手掀起罢工潮,工人阶级的权益谁来保障?
  7. 老田|主流党史写作的困境何在:从《周传》引用的一份假材料说起
  8. 戈尔巴乔夫,竟还不忘指点江山
  9. 华西村,不该被曲解
  10. 把全国“最牛”老板送去坐牢
  1. 历史文献:毛主席谈我国还可能要走一段资本主义复辟的道路
  2. 张文茂:为什么会在理论上出现这么多的混乱?
  3. 是谁隐瞒毛泽东的“最高指示”
  4. 他们到底怕什么?
  5. 公知的哀叹,30年启蒙都白做了
  6. 闹剧不断——“茅台贫困户”果然是全村首富!
  7. 支持力挺港独的王小妮复出了:方方的朋友圈,一手遮天!
  8. 潘家干净吗?
  9. 张文茂:一九七四年我国粮食人均超过三百公斤说明了什么?
  10. 垮了的两代谁之过?——略论肮脏文学及其它
  1. 罗援:今天,向王景清老团长告别!
  2. 张志坤:展望中美关系“重回正轨”的那一天
  3. 是谁隐瞒毛泽东的“最高指示”
  4. 学习党史,要正确评价改革开放时期
  5. 毛主席女婿、李讷丈夫王景清3月1日在京逝世 享年94岁
  6. 【愤怒】“央证公开课”公开侮辱毛主席,他们是什么鬼?